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The Country of El Salvador

By: Amber Hull



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El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America, with a current population of around 6 million people (El Salvador, 2009). Out of these 6 million people 89% are Mestizos, which means Indian-Caucasian, 10% are Indian, and 1% is Caucasian (Beverly, 1982). A few things that this large percentage of Mestizos affects is the unique food found in El Salvador (Hubbard, 2009), as well as the languages spoken there (Lewis, 2009), and the religions that are practiced (Hoehner, 1995). The economy of El Salvador is strongly influenced by trade, manufacturing, and agriculture; it’s major exports being sugarcane, cotton, and coffee (El Salvador, 2009). The agricultural industry was severely devastated by the civil war though, which for the most part took place in rural areas, and it has only recently made a decent recovery (Bureau, 2009). Although these facts may seem completely ordinary for any Central American country, an interesting fact about El Salvador is that it’s largest source of collective income comes from the money that is sent by Salvadorans who are working in the United States, which is called remittances (El Salvador, 2009).





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Click below to view my Video of a friend from El Salvador:


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jqnqjs3BdGI



References:


Beverley, J. (1982). El Salvador. In Social Text (Vol. 5, pp. 55-72). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs (2009, September). Background Note: El Salvador. Retrieved November 17, 2009, from U.S. Department of State, Diplomacy in Action: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2033.htm\

El Salvador. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 14, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/181798/El-Salvador

Hoehner, J. (Ed.). (1995). Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, Americas (8 ed.). Gale Research Inc.

Hubbard, K. (2009). El Salvador Food and Drink. The New York Times Company, Retrieved November 17, 2009, from About.com database.

Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/.


Pictures:

El Salvador. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 14, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/181798/El-Salvador

http://images.nationmaster.com/images/motw/americas/el_salvador_pop_1980.jpg